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Advanced System and Application Security with the DISA STIGS (ASASDS)

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Who should attend

The Advanced DISA STIGs for System and Application Security 4-day hands-on intensive course is intended for government and contractor organizations that are required to follow the tight security controls defined in the DISA STIGs. STIGS are an integral part of the required configuration standards for DoD Information Assurance measures. These measures are focused on preventing cyber espionage and crime as well as denial-of-service attacks. DISA’s STIGS, in conjunction with the associated checklists and scripts, provide a comprehensive listing of requirements and needs for improving and maintaining the security of software applications and systems within the Department of Defense. This course fills in the context, background, and best practices for fulfilling those requirements and needs. As with all of our courses, we maintain tight synchronization between the latest DISA releases and our materials. This course fills in the context, background, and best practices for fulfilling those requirements and needs. As with all of our courses, we maintain tight synchronization between the latest DISA releases and our materials. The present course is updated to Version 3 of the Application Security and Development STIG that was release in September, 2009.

Application Security and Development is a lab-intensive, hands-on application security training course essential for developers, designers, architects, QA, Testing, and other personnel who need to deliver secure applications within the DoD. In addition to teaching basic programming skills, this course digs deep into sound processes and practices that apply to the entire software development life-cycle.

In this course, students thoroughly examine best practices for defensively coding applications, including XML processing and web services. Students will repeatedly attack and then defend various assets associated with a fully-functional application. This hands-on approach drives home the mechanics of how to secure applications in the most practical of terms.

Prerequisites

This is an intermediate-level course, designed for developers who wish to get up and running on developing well defended software applications. This course may be customized to suit your team’s unique objectives.

Familiarity with a programming language is required and real world programming experience is highly recommended. Ideally students should have approximately 6 months to a year of working knowledge.

Course Objectives

Students who attend Application Security and Development will leave the course armed with the skills required to recognize actual and potential software vulnerabilities, implement defenses for those vulnerabilities, and test those defenses for sufficiency.

This course introduces developers to the most common security vulnerabilities faced by web applications today. Each vulnerability is examined from a programming perspective through a process of describing the threat and attack mechanisms, recognizing associated vulnerabilities, and, finally, designing, implementing, and testing effective defenses.

Multiple practical labs reinforce these concepts with real vulnerabilities and attacks. Students are then challenged to design and implement the layered defenses they will need in defending their own applications.

Working in a lab-intensive, hands-on programming environment, led by our security experts, guided by our expert security team, students will learn to:

  • Understand potential sources for untrusted data
  • Understand the consequences for not properly handling untrusted data such as denial of service, cross-site scripting, and injections
  • Be able to test web applications with various attack techniques to determine the existence of and effectiveness of layered defenses
  • Prevent and defend the many potential vulnerabilities associated with untrusted data
  • Understand the vulnerabilities of associated with authentication and authorization
  • Be able to detect, attack, and implement defenses for authentication and authorization functionality and services
  • Understand the dangers and mechanisms behind Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) and Injection attacks
  • Be able to detect, attack, and implement defenses against XSS and Injection attacks
  • Understand the concepts and terminology behind defensive, secure, coding
  • Understand the use of Threat Modeling as a tool in identifying software vulnerabilities based on realistic threats against meaningful assets
  • Perform both static code reviews and dynamic application testing to uncover vulnerabilities in Java-based web applications
  • Design and develop strong, robust authentication and authorization implementations within the context of application framework
  • Understand the fundamentals of Cryptography and Encryption and where they fit in the overall security picture
  • Understand the fundamentals of XML Digital Signature and XML Encryption as well as how they are used within the web services arena
  • Be able to detect, attack, and implement defenses for XML-based services and functionality
  • Understand techniques and measures that can used to harden web and application servers as well as other components in your infrastructure
  • Understand and implement the processes and measures associated with the Secure Software Development (SSD)
  • Acquire the skills, tools, and best practices for design and code reviews as well as testing initiatives
  • Understand the basics of security testing and planning
  • Work through a comprehensive testing plan for recognized vulnerabilities and weaknesses

This class is “technology-centric”, designed to train attendees in essential secure coding and development skills, coupling the most current, effective techniques with the soundest industry practices.

The course provides a solid foundation in basic terminology and concepts, extended and built upon throughout the engagement. Students will examine various recognized attacks against web applications. Processes and best practices are discussed and illustrated through both discussions and group activities.

Comments

What’s included?

Students who attend the Advanced DISA STIGs for System and Application Security course receive expert training on how to implement secure applications and systems utilizing the DISA STIGs. Students learn Application and System Security techniques including auditing and analysis as well.

Our robust course materials include much more than a simple slideshow presentation handout. Student materials include a comprehensive hard-copy course manual, complete with detailed course notes, code samples, diagrams and current reference materials, all directly related to the course at hand, indexed for ease of use. Step-by-step lab instructions and project descriptions are clearly illustrated and commented for maximum learning.

Detailed Course Outline

Session: Foundation

Misconceptions

  • Thriving Industry of Identify Theft
  • Dishonor Roll of Data Breaches
  • TJX: Anatomy of a Disaster
  • Heartland: What? Again?

Security Concepts

  • Terminology and Players
  • Assets, Threats, and Attacks
  • OWASP
  • CWE/SANS Top 25 Programming Errors

DISA’s Security Technical Implementation Guides (STIGS)

  • Purpose
  • Process
  • Areas Covered
  • Checklists
  • Scripts (SRRs)
  • Resources

Defensive Coding Principles Reality

  • Recent, Relevant Incidents
  • Find Security Defects In Web Application

Session: Top Security Vulnerabilities

Unvalidated Input

  • Description With Working Example
  • Defenses
  • Identifying Trust Boundaries
  • Qualifying Untrusted Data
  • Implementing An Effect, Layered Defense
  • Designing An Appropriate Response
  • Testing Defenses And Responses

Overview Of Regular Expressions

  • Regular Expressions
  • Working with Regular Expressions in Java

Broken Access Control

  • Description With Working Example
  • Defenses
  • Authorization Security Overview
  • Defending Special Privileges Such As Administrative Functions
  • Application Authorization Best Practices

Broken Authentication And Session Management

  • Description With Working Example
  • Defenses
  • Multi-Layered Defenses Of Authentication Services
  • Password Management Strategies
  • Password Handling With Hashing Using JCE/JCA
  • Mitigating Password Caching
  • Testing Defenses And Responses For Weaknesses
  • Alternative Authentication Mechanisms
  • Best Practices For Session Management in J2EE
  • Defending Session Hijacking Attacks
  • Best Practices For Single Sign-On (SSO)

Cross Site Scripting (XSS) Flaws

  • Description With Working Example
  • Defenses
  • Character Encoding Complications
  • Blacklisting
  • Whitelisting
  • HTML/XML Entity Encoding
  • Trust Boundary Definition
  • Implementing An Effective Layered Defense
  • Designing An Appropriate Response
  • Cross-Site Request Forgeries (CSRF)
  • Understanding CSRF
  • Defending Against CSRF
  • Output Encoding – Why
  • Output Encoding – How
  • Output Encoding – Best Practices

Injection Flaws

  • Description With Working Example
  • Defenses
  • Qualifying Untrusted Data
  • JDBC, PreparedStatements, and StoredProcedures
  • Hibernate Best Practices
  • XML Best Practices
  • Third Party API’s
  • Implementing An Effective Layered Defense
  • Designing An Appropriate Response

Error Handling And Information Leakage

  • Description With Working Example
  • Defenses
  • J2EE Application Exception Handling
  • Error Response Best Practices
  • Error, Auditing, And Logging Content Management
  • Error, Auditing, And Logging Service Management
  • Best Practices For Supporting Web Attack Forensics

Insecure Storage

  • Description With Working Example
  • Defenses
  • Data Leakage
  • Risk Minimization
  • Cryptography Overview
  • JCS/JCE
  • Data Encryption
  • Partial/Complete
  • Property/Deployment/Configuration Files

Insecure Management Of Configuration

  • Description With Working Example
  • Defenses
  • System Hardening
  • Server Configuration “Gotchas!”
  • Hardening Software Installation

Direct Object Access

  • Description With Working Example
  • Defenses
  • Java Byte Code Verifier
  • XML/DTD/Schema/XSLT Best Practices

Spoofing

  • Description With Working Example
  • Defenses
  • Protecting Your Clients
  • Defending Against Cross Site Request Forgeries
  • Phishing Defenses

Session: Additional Measures

  • Cryptography Overview
  • Cryptography defined
  • Strong Encryption
  • Ciphers and algorithms
  • Message digests
  • Types of keys
  • Key management
  • Certificate management
  • Encryption/Decryption

Auditing

  • Auditing Mechanics and Best Practices

Third Party Software

Mobile Code

Session: Defending XML Processing

Defending XML

  • Understanding Common Attacks And How To Defend
  • Operating In Safe Mode
  • Using Standards-Based Security
  • XML-Aware Security Infrastructure
  • JAXP Safe Mode

Defending Web Services

  • Security Exposures
  • Transport-Level Security
  • Message-Level Security
  • WS-Security
  • Attacks And Defenses

Defending Ajax

  • Ajax Security Exposures
  • Attack Surface Changes
  • Injection Threats And Concerns
  • Effective Defenses And Practices

Session: Secure Software Development (SSD)

SSD Process Overview

Asset, Boundary, and Vulnerability Identification

Threat Modeling and Analysis

Process, Design, and Code Reviews

Applying Processes and Practices

Configuration Specification and Compliance

Testing as Lifecycle Process

Testing Planning and Documentation

Testing Tools And Processes

  • Principles
  • Reviews
  • Testing
  • Tools

Static and Dynamic Analysis

Testing Practices

  • Authentication Testing
  • Data Validation Testing
  • Denial Of Service Testing
  • Web Services Testing
  • Ajax Testing

Session: Application Deployment

Documentation

Best Practices

Update and Patch Management

Incident Response

Auditing

Session: Application Security and Development Checklist

Checklist Overview, Conventions, and Best Practices

Generic Application Checks and Procedures

.Net Framework Checks and Procedures

Web/Java Checks and Procedures

Classroom training

Duration: 4 days

Online training
 
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