Posts Tagged “NAT”

From NAT66 to IPv6-to-IPv6 Network Prefix Translation (NPTv6)

Following long discussions, a lot of emails exchanged and rejected drafts about NAT66, the IETF finally approved Network Prefix Translation or NPTv6 in RFC6296! The NAT66 IETF Mail Archive can be found there: NPTv6 proposes a lightweight stateless NAT solution that only translates the network prefix and not the full IPv6 address. This is…

Transition to IPv6 at the Service Providers: NAT64, 6RD, 4RD, DS-LITE, NAT444, dIVI-pd, A+P and Carrier Grade IPv6 (CGv6)

Introduction: Transition technologies needed for decades.
While the Internet is still growing very fast with more connected devices every day, the available IPv4 addresses declines and will be completely depleted very soon. As IPv6 is now implemented for more than 10 years and available on most Operating Systems and Network vendors, most Service Providers and even more companies have not yet switched to the next generation Internet protocol. As a consequence we still need to buy some time to allow a smooth transition to IPv6. It is planned that we will need to support mixed IPv4 and IPv6 networks for decades.

Clearly, maximum performances, security and other benefits we can think about running IPv6 will be achieved when transition will be over. During transition we will need to compromise features, performances and security for the benefit of supporting old IPv4 nodes and applications.

The transitions methods fall into three categories:
– Dual-Stack
– Encapsulation (6RD, DS-Lite, 6PE, 6VPE)
– Translation (NAT64, DNS64)

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